Korean pottery and porcelain

FAQ What is special about Nymphenburg porcelain? Vignettes and transfers are used in industrial production — but never at Nymphenburg. Each of the painters with their decades of training possesses the artistic skills to paint the motifs as required by the respective pattern. What does manufacturing at Nymphenburg actually mean? Each plate is turned by hand, each vase is cast by hand, each ornament is individually applied. Nymphenburg even purchases its raw materials individually.

The Nymphenburg Mark

The room glittered with crystal and silver, pineapples, lobsters and champagne. And the smart talk – what a row! One side of the room was a semi-circle of colonnaded windows through which jewelled figures slid out to the candlelit terrace and the beating of a band. I gave up toying with my truffles and let my gaze move across the breathless midnight Mediterranean lit up with yachts and beyond, way beyond, to the lights of Africa.

Porcelain marks dating or who stubbornly misinterpreted. Us. Gutenberg. What is unique in that it manufactures its products the nymphenburg auction prices from to .

Technical developments[ edit ] In the context of Chinese ceramics, the term porcelain lacks a universally accepted definition see above. This in turn has led to confusion about when the first Chinese porcelain was made. Whatever the definition used, there is no question that the Chinese were the first to make it. Chinese kiln technology has always been a key factor in the development of Chinese pottery, and until recent centuries was far ahead of other parts of the world.

These were updraft kilns, often built below ground. Two main types of kiln were developed by about AD and remained in use until modern times. These are the dragon kiln of hilly southern China, usually fuelled by wood, long and thin and running up a slope, and the horseshoe-shaped mantou kiln of the north Chinese plains, smaller and more compact.

In the late Ming, the egg-shaped kiln or zhenyao was developed at Jingdezhen , but mainly used there. This was something of a compromise between the other types, and offered locations in the firing chamber with a range of firing conditions. Early wares[ edit ] Painted jar of the Majiayao culture , Late Neolithic period — BC Pottery dating from 20, years ago was found at the Xianrendong Cave site, in Jiangxi province, [8] [9] making it among the earliest pottery yet found and so for the moment putting the Chinese ahead in a race with the Japanese in which national prestige is a factor.

Another reported find is from 17, —18, years ago in the Yuchanyan Cave in southern China. Decoration is abstract or stylized animals – fish are a speciality at the river settlement of Banpo. The Majiayao and other phases of the Yangshao culture are well-represented in Western museums; by the Banshan phase purple was used in slip-painting alongside black.

EHRLICH ISST BESSER!

Technical developments[ edit ] In the context of Chinese ceramics, the term porcelain lacks a universally accepted definition see above. This in turn has led to confusion about when the first Chinese porcelain was made. Kiln technology has always been a key factor in the development of Chinese pottery. These were updraft kilns, often built below ground. Two main types of kiln were developed by about AD and remained in use until modern times.

These are the dragon kiln of hilly southern China, usually fuelled by wood, long and thin and running up a slope, and the horseshoe-shaped mantou kiln of the north Chinese plains, smaller and more compact.

EHRLICH ISST BESSER! Wir wünschen uns mehr Transparenz und Ehrlichkeit auf den Zutatenlisten von Lebensmitteln und unterstützen deshalb die Petition des Deutschen Zusatzstoffmuseums „Ehrlich .

Here is the view immediately after the war and today taken from the top of the Neues Rathaus next to the Marienplatz showing the roofless Altes Rathaus looking up Tal road. It was at the old town hall where, on November 9, Joseph Goebbels gave his infamous speech initiating the infamous nationwide Kristallnacht pogroms.

The roofless Heilig-Geist-Kirche is on the right of the photo and its spire, without the copper top, is behind the church. Hitler’s paintings of Marienplatz. From the time of the so-called Beer Hall Putsch and whilst taking a school group from Naples, Florida on a tour. The bus in the foreground transporting armed Nazis to Munich reads Hofbrauhaus F[reising]. At the Marienplatz the Nazi column encountered a large crowd which was listening to an exhortation of Julius Streicher, the Jew-baiter from Nuremberg, who had rushed to Munich at the first news of the putsch.

Not wishing to be left out of the revolution, he cut short his speech and joined the rebels, jumping into step immediately behind Hitler. Wagner had been jointly responsible for euthanasia and sterilisation carried out against Jews and the handicapped, and showed himself at the Nuremberg Party Congress in to be a staunch proponent of the Nuremberg Laws, and thereby also of Nazi Germany’s race legislation and racial politics.

Under Wagner’s leadership, the Nazi killing institution at Hadamar was established. The entrance when serving as the American occupation HQ and today in front and me on the side of the building.

Chinese ceramics

The Nymphenburg Mark Seven years after Elector Max III Joseph of Bavaria established the Electoral porcelain manufactory, he ordered that all porcelains be marked on the underside — with an image of the Wittelsbach coat of arms with diamonds whose tips at the time progressed from the bottom left to the top right. Over the years, Porzellan Manufaktur Nymphenburg’s trademark has adopted many different guises. But one thing remains:

Chinese ceramics show a continuous development since pre-dynastic times and are one of the most significant forms of Chinese art and ceramics globally. The first pottery was made during the Palaeolithic era. Chinese ceramics range from construction materials such as bricks and tiles, to hand-built pottery vessels fired in bonfires or kilns, to the sophisticated Chinese porcelain wares made for.

A Vedic proverb runs: Originally regarded as a feast for the gods, before whom food-offerings cakes, milk, butter, meat, and the soma drink were set on the holy grass before the altar, sacrifice gradually became a magical agency for influencing the gods, such as might be expressed in the formula, “Do ut des”, or in the Vedic proverb: The gods thus sank to the level of mere servants of man, while the high-priests or Brahmins entrusted with the complicated rites gradually acquired an almost divine dignity.

In their hands the sacrificial ceremonial, developed to the extremest detail, became an irresistible power over the gods. However, that the gods were not entirely indifferent to man, but gave him their assistance, is proved among other things by the serious expiatory character which was not quite eliminated from the Vedic sacrifices. The actual offering of the sacrifices, which was never effected without fire, took place either in the houses or in the open air; temples were unknown.

Among the various sacrifices two were conspicuous: The offering of the soma Agnistoma — a nectar obtained by the pressing of some plants — took place in the spring; the sacrifice lasted an entire day, and was a universal holiday for the people. The triple pressing of the soma , performed at certain intervals during the day, alternated with the offering of sacrificial cakes, libations of milk, and the sacrifice of eleven he-goats to various gods.

The gods especially Indra were eager for the intoxicating soma drink: It was the acme, “the king of the sacrifices”, the solemnities lasting three days and being accompanied by all kinds of public amusements. The idea of this sacrifice was to provide the gods of light with another steed for their heavenly yoke. At first, instead of the sacrifice of the horse, human sacrifice seems to have been in vogue, so that here also the idea of substitution found expression.

For the later Indians had a saying:

Johannes Vermeer: Provenances

A more advanced variety of handmade pottery, hardfired and burnished, has proved to be as early as bc. The use of a red slip covering and molded ornament came a little later. Handmade pottery has been found at Ur, in Mesopotamia, below the clay termed the Flood deposit. Perhaps the most richly decorated pottery of the Near East, remarkable for its fine painting, comes from Susa Shushan in southwest Iran.

The motifs are partly geometric, partly stylized but easily recognizable representations of waterfowl and running dogs, usually in friezes. They are generally executed in dark colours on a light ground.

Please remember that all of our items are Antique and Vintage and may or may not have the usual minimal utensil marks or slight wear from normal use. Anything of significance is duly noted in our descriptions and photographed if possible. We strive very hard to assure the high-quality of our products and to fully disclose any significant flaws.

There is considerable uncertainty about the early dukes of Bavaria, not only their relationship to each other but even their names and order of succession. This listing is not consistent with earlier sources. The following attempts to highlights the differences but inevitably remains an incomplete assessment. As noted in the Introduction to the present document, the Carolingians conquered Bavaria in and reduced it to a province in the Frankish empire.

Theodo I had one child: The references in primary sources to his wife imply that Garibald was already duke of Bavaria at the time of his marriage.

Korean pottery and porcelain

A more advanced variety of handmade pottery, hardfired and burnished, has proved to be as early as bc. The use of a red slip covering and molded ornament came a little later. Handmade pottery has been found at Ur, in Mesopotamia, below the clay termed the Flood deposit. Perhaps the most richly decorated pottery of the Near East, remarkable for its fine painting, comes from Susa Shushan in southwest Iran. The motifs are partly geometric, partly stylized but easily recognizable representations of waterfowl and running dogs, usually in friezes.

Antique Terms (A) The Antique Marks Glossary featuring antique terms beginning with A. Covering everything from Acanthus to Ayrshire and Air Twist to Art Deco.

Provenances What is provenance? The term was once primarily used in relation to works of art, but is now used in similar sense in other fields such as archaeology, paleontology, science and computing. The primary purpose of tracing the provenance of a painting is to provide evidence its origin by establishing, as far as possible, its history via the sequences of its ownership, custody and places of storage. Provenance research attempts to produce a complete list of owners from the present time backwards to when the painting left the artist’s studio.

Provenance should also list when the painting has been part of an exhibition and a bibliography of when it has been discussed or illustrated in print. Auction records are an important resource to assist in researching the provenance of paintings. Modern paintings may present exhibition marks, dealer stamps, gallery labels and other indications of previous ownership on their back side. However these can be forged or accidently destroyed.

Establishing provenance may help authenticate artworks but it may also be important to record the physical details of the painting style, subject, signature, materials, dimensions and frame. Such information sometimes helps to shed light on the historical, social, and economic context in which a work of art was created and collected, as well as on the history of taste. Establishing an unbroken line of provenance of older paintings is rarely achieved.

Few records survive from the more distant past, and records can sometimes be questioned. The titles of paintings and the attribution to a particular artist frequently change over time. In these cases, the size of the work and its description can be used to identify earlier references to the painting.

Johannes Vermeer: Signatures

Remaining Nazi Sites in Berlin 2 ‘New’ Synagogue and former Jewish Hospital The Jewish Synagogue, shown three years after the war and today, was miraculously saved from destruction during Kristallnacht by- it was claimed at the time- the chief of the local police station, Wilhelm Krutzfeld. When he arrived at the scene, he presented the building charter showing that the synagogue had been opened by Otto von Bismark himself.

Mindful of Hitler’s admiration of Bismark, the forger of modern-day Germany, the mob dispersed and a fire brigade was able to save the building from destruction. Hirschberg, a boy in , observed the fire with his father, the tailor Siegmund Hirschberg, and recalled that his father and a police officer, who was one of his father’s clients and whom Hans assumed to be the head of the police precinct, got into a conversation whilst the police officer was supervising the work of the fire brigade, about their experiences in the same sector of the front in World War I.

After Knobloch’s book appeared another neighbour, Inge Held, Hirschberg, and Hirschberg’s sister in Israel all confirmed that the rescuer was in fact Otto Bellgardt. Inside the synagogue in

The Nymphenburg Mark. Seven years after Elector Max III Joseph of Bavaria established the Electoral porcelain manufactory, he ordered that all porcelains be marked on the underside – with an image of the Wittelsbach coat of arms with diamonds whose tips at the time .

Blue and white porcelain jar with pine and bamboo designs was made in , Joseon dynasty, Korea. Dongguk University Museum, Seoul. Blue and white porcelain jar with plum and bamboo design. During the Joseon dynasty, — ceramic wares were considered to represent the highest quality of achievement from royal, city, and provincial kilns, the last of which were export-driven wares. Joseon enjoyed a long period of growth in royal and provincial kilns, and much work of the highest quality still preserved.

Wares evolved along Chinese lines in terms of colour, shape, and technique. Celadon, white porcelain , and storage pottery were similar, but with certain variations in glazes, incision designs, florality, and weight. The Ming influence in blue and white wares using cobalt -blue glazes existed, but without the pthalo blue range, and the three-dimensional glassine colour depth of Ming Dynasty Chinese works. Simplified designs emerged early on.

Buddhist designs still prevailed in celadon wares: The form most often seen was that of pear-shaped bottles.

Nymphenburg

Nymphenburg collectibles open up endless possibilities for porcelain displays. Manufactured in Germany since , they offer numerous designs to decorate your home. Their lifelike figurines feature incredible detail and embellishments. Choose a figurine from the line of wild animals, like the proud cheetah who sits flicking his tail, just waiting to pounce on his prey.

Brisbane is the capital and most populous city in the Australian state of Queensland, and the gateway to its many attractions. There’s so much to see and do, from cuddling a koala to the adrenaline rush of abseiling down the Kangaroo Point Cliffs.

Signatures are found on two objects to which letters of the alphabet might naturally belong: It could be speculated that by placing his signature on the wall map of The Art of Painting just to the right of the standing Clio, the muse of fame, the artist proposed a double symbolic bond: In fact, since classical times it was understood that great artists brought fame not only to themselves but to their native city and country.

The dimensions of Vermeer’s signatures also varies greatly in both absolute and relative dimensions. Some signatures are so small that they seem to have been intentionally hidden, prompting the spectator to seek them out, while others are too prominent to be ignored most of the latter type have degraded with time and are barely visible today. Five are executed with lighter paint over darker background while the remaining twenty are executed with darker paint over a lighter background.

Dating Nymphenburg …

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Nymphenburg porcelain marks date from to the present. The Nymphenburg mark originally was patterned after the Shield of Arms for its native Bavaria.

Remaining Nazi Sites in Berlin 2 ‘New’ Synagogue and former Jewish Hospital The Jewish Synagogue, shown three years after the war and today, was miraculously saved from destruction during Kristallnacht by- it was claimed at the time- the chief of the local police station, Wilhelm Krutzfeld. When he arrived at the scene, he presented the building charter showing that the synagogue had been opened by Otto von Bismark himself. Mindful of Hitler’s admiration of Bismark, the forger of modern-day Germany, the mob dispersed and a fire brigade was able to save the building from destruction.

Hirschberg, a boy in , observed the fire with his father, the tailor Siegmund Hirschberg, and recalled that his father and a police officer, who was one of his father’s clients and whom Hans assumed to be the head of the police precinct, got into a conversation whilst the police officer was supervising the work of the fire brigade, about their experiences in the same sector of the front during the Great War. After Knobloch’s book appeared another neighbour, Inge Held, Hirschberg, and Hirschberg’s sister in Israel all confirmed that the rescuer was in fact Otto Bellgardt.

Inside the synagogue in After the effects of the fire had been removed, the New Synagogue had been able to be used for worship services again until April The dome had to be overpainted with camouflage paint because of the threat of air raids. After a last service in the little prayer room on January 14, , the Wehrmacht took over the building and set up a uniform camp here.

During the night of November 23, , the synagogue suffered serious damage during British air raids during the Second World War.

Fleetwood Mac – Go Your Own Way (HQ)